Dyslexia Testing: How Does a Dyslexia Test Work?
There are several other great measures as well, but again these are just our favorites. Untimed tests of real and nonsense word reading provide information as to whether the student has requisite word-reading accuracy. Untimed tests of nonword or nonsense word reading assess knowledge about the letter–sound correspondences of English . The language used in schools comes from federal and state educational laws. Laws define the criteria under which students have a guaranteed right to services.
Both accuracy and the speed of word reading can affect understanding what is read. For older students, cognitive or IQ testing is still required for application for accommodations on high stakes tests such as SAT or ACT. Cognitive or IQ testing is also required for admission to most college and university programs that provide support for students with diagnosed SLD or dyslexia. How do you know if your child has a Specific Learning Disorder in Reading? The first line of evidence generally occurs when you notice your child struggles with reading and spelling at home or at school. Despite adequate opportunities to learn and practice these skills, your child struggles with reading.
Just like we need to assess reading at higher levels , we need to assess writing at higher levels. We need to see how students are applying their spelling and use of language constructs in their writing. There are several tests you can use to get an idea of written content and grammar usage.
Assessing Cognitive Processes
Retellings require a student to read a text and then orally tell about what was just read, usually with some sort of coding system for scoring the quality of the retelling. Figure 1 shows how Monica, along with other members of the eligibility team, might proceed through the eligibility process with Sam. 讀寫障礙評估 , as outlined in Figure 1 (adapted from Flanagan et al., 2002; Flanagan, Ortiz, Alfonso, & Mascolo, 2006), is designed to address many of the SLD eligibility criteria. The New Jersey Dyslexia Handbook contains useful information including a “potential indicators of dyslexia checklist”.
In order to provide services through our Lexercise online platform or through one of our free screening evaluations or questionnaires, we will ask you to provide certain information, which may include personal information about your child. Academic problems don’t necessarily mean a person with dyslexia can’t succeed. Capable students with dyslexia can be highly successful given the right resources. Many people with dyslexia are creative and bright and may be gifted in math, science or the arts. If you suspect that your child has dyslexia, talk to your child’s health care provider. If available, tutoring sessions with a reading specialist can be helpful for many children with dyslexia.
After evaluation, the school team will consider the case history and the testing data and will determine eligibility for Special Education services under IDEA . Data and evaluation results should be shared with parents throughout this process. For students with diagnosed SLD and dyslexia, the plan is typically an Individualized Education Plan , which provides both remediation and accommodations. Independent (i.e., private) schools are not required to follow IDEA; therefore, they can decide if and how they are able to remediate and accommodate students with learning differences. In Sam’s case, the team would expect scores at or below the 25th percentile on measures of letter-sound knowledge, decoding, reading fluency, or spelling.